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The Art (and Science) of Intuitive Eating

THE ART (AND SCIENCE) OF INTUITIVE EATING


If you’re sick of the fear and shame around food and the feeling of failure of not being able to sustain weight loss, you are absolutely not alone. There is a way to overcome this.


It’s called “intuitive eating.”


Intuitive eating is a non-diet approach where you truly listen to what your body wants and needs. It refocuses your attention on what your body is telling you, rather than food “rules” that are imposed on us from diet culture and other external forces. It goes hand-in-hand with Health at Every SizeⓇ where the focus is on healthy and sustainable behaviors, rather than defining health by what’s in the mirror and on the scale.


This post is about intuitive eating and dives into the principles—and science—behind these ideas.


Plus, I will give you my best tips on how to implement this approach to food into your life for improved physical and mental health.


There’s a way to ditch the diet culture, make peace with food, and prioritize your physical and mental wellbeing. It’s called “intuitive eating” and it’s not a weight loss program. Instead, it’s a way to get back in tune with your body and refocus your mind away from “food rules.”


Intuitive eating deprioritizes weight as a primary measure of health, while inviting you to eat the foods you want when you’re hungry—and stop eating when you feel full. This isn’t a “free for all” to give up and eat how much you want of whatever you want whenever you want it, either. It’s about getting back in tune with your body and showing it the respect it deserves


Eating intuitively means being curious about what and why you want to eat something, and then enjoying it without judgment.


Yes – without judgement!


It’s about trusting your body’s wisdom without influence from outside of yourself. It’s about removing the labels of “good” or “bad” food and ditching the guilt or pride about eating a certain way. It’s about accepting food—and our bodies—as the amazing wonder that they really are and a belief that there truly is no “right” or “wrong” way to eat.


The 10 principles of intuitive eating


The two dietitians who popularized intuitive eating in 1995, Evelyn Tribole and Elyse Resch, have outlined 10 principles.


1 - Reject the diet mentality

Ditch diets that give the false hope of losing weight quickly, easily, and permanently. You are not a failure for every time a diet stopped working and you gained the weight back. Until you break free from the hope that there’s a new diet around the corner, you cannot fully embrace intuitive eating.


2 - Honor your hunger

Your body needs adequate energy and nutrition. Keep yourself fed to prevent excessive hunger. By honoring the first signal of hunger you can start rebuilding trust in yourself and food.


I always recommend to clients that they use the Hunger Scale guide (below).

The Hunger Scale Booklet
.pdf
Download PDF • 293KB

. It’s truly a life changing yet simple way to approach both hunger and satiety.



3 - Make peace with food

Stop fighting with food and give yourself unconditional permission to eat. Stop fostering intense feelings of deprivation by denying yourself a particular food, as these can lead to cravings and bingeing. You don’t want your “giving in” to lead to overwhelming guilt.



4 - Challenge the food police

Confront the thoughts that you as a person are “good” or “bad” based on what and how much you eat. Diet culture has created unreasonable rules. The food police are the negative, hopeless, or guilty thoughts that you can chase away.



5 - Discover the satisfaction factor

Pleasure and satisfaction are some of the basic gifts of existence. By allowing yourself to feel these when you eat, you can enjoy feeling content and fulfilled. When you do this, you will be able to identify the feeling of “enoughness.”



6 - Feel your fullness

Trust that you will give yourself the foods you desire. Pause in the middle of eating and ask how the food tastes. Listen for the signals that you’re not hungry anymore. Respect when you become comfortably full.



7 - Cope with your emotions with kindness

Restricting food can trigger a loss of control and feel like emotional eating. Be kind to yourself. Comfort and nurture yourself. Everyone feels anxiety, loneliness, boredom, and anger. Food won’t fix these feelings—it’s just a short-term distraction. Ultimately, you have to deal with the uncomfortable emotions.


8 - Respect your body

Everyone is genetically unique, whether it’s shoe size or body size. Respecting your body will help you feel better about who you are. Being unrealistic or overly critical of your shape or size makes it hard to reject the diet mentality.



9 - Movement—feel the difference

Feel the difference activity makes. Not militant or calorie-burning exercise, but simply moving your body. Focus on how energized it makes you feel.



10 - Honor your health—gentle nutrition

Choose foods that honor your tastebuds and health. Don’t focus on eating perfectly. One snack, meal, or day of eating won’t suddenly make you unhealthy or deficient in nutrients. Look at how you eat over time. Choose progress, not perfection.



The science behind intuitive eating


Studies show that people who eat intuitively tend to also have lower body-mass indices (BMIs) and higher levels of body appreciation and mental health. They are also associated with lower blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and inflammation.


A review of eight studies compared “health, not weight loss” eating styles with conventional weight-loss diets. While they found no significant differences in heart disease risk factors between the two types of diets, they did find that body satisfaction and eating behavior improved more for people in the “health, not weight loss” groups.


Another review of 24 studies of female college students showed that those who eat intuitively experience less disordered eating, have a more positive body image, and greater emotional functioning.


Overall, there is a growing amount of research that shows the benefits of intuitive eating on both physical and mental health.


Intuitive eating and health at every sizes


The non-diet approach of intuitive eating fits within the concept that there can be health at every size. The idea behind Health at Every SizeⓇ is to be inclusive of all weights and de-emphasize weight as the main factor to assess someone’s health.


The way someone’s body looks does not tell the whole story about their overall health and wellbeing. Instead, their habits and lifestyle are more important factors than simply their size and shape.


Like intuitive eating, the HAESⓇ paradigm has several principles.


They are weight inclusivity, health enhancement, respectful care, eating for well-being, and life-enhancing movement. These include accepting the diversity of body shapes, supporting equal access to health information and services, promoting eating based on hunger and satiety, working to end weight discrimination and bias, and encouraging enjoyable physical movement.


Also like intuitive eating, the focus of HAESⓇ is less toward weight loss and more toward sustainable healthy habits.


Tips to eat more intuitively


There are many things you can do to start eating more intuitively and ditch diet culture and “food rules.”


· Put aside your guilt for previous diets that have failed you. (You have not failed them and you are not bad for participating in them.)


· Stop focusing on finding or implementing diets that promise easy, permanent weight loss.

· When you feel like eating, ask yourself if you’re truly physically hungry (and not emotionally hungry).


· Eat when you’re physically hungry, don’t deprive yourself. Get back in tune with your body’s signals and don’t wait until you’re extremely hungry.


· Ask yourself what type of food will satisfy you. (Remember, there aren’t “good” or “bad” foods and you don’t need to judge yourself for eating—or not eating—them.)


· Pay attention to and enjoy your food while you’re eating it (eat mindfully).


· Stop eating when you are comfortably full.


· Treat your body with dignity and respect—regardless of its size or shape.


· Move your body in a way that is enjoyable and see how that makes you feel.


· Stop worrying about eating perfectly. If you get off track, gently bring yourself back on track.



Intuitive eating helps to improve your relationship with food and your body and mind. It’s about challenging external rules and subconscious habits around eating. It also challenges feelings of guilt or shame associated with eating a certain way.


To eat intuitively, listen to your body’s hunger and fullness cues, enjoy a wide variety of foods (because none are inherently “good” or “bad”), and respect your body.


Looking for ways to adopt a “non diet” lifestyle into your daily and sustainable way of life and eating? Ask me about my automated and flexible meal plan service that you can be in control of.


 

References


Association for Size Diversity and Health. (n.d.). HAESⓇ Approach. https://www.sizediversityandhealth.org/health-at-every-size-haes-approach/


Bruce, L. J. & Ricciardelli, L.A. (2016). A systematic review of the psychosocial correlates of intuitive eating among adult women. Appetite, 96, 454-472. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.10.012.


Food Insight. (2020, January 8). A New Health Option for the New Year: The Non-Diet Approach. Retrieved from https://foodinsight.org/the-non-diet-approach/


Food Insight. (2020, June 19). The Science Behind Intuitive Eating. Retrieved from https://foodinsight.org/the-science-behind-intuitive-eating/


Food Insight. (2018, July 27). Can Our Diets Be Stress-Free? An Intuitive Eating Expert Weighs In. Retrieved from https://foodinsight.org/can-our-diets-be-stress-free-an-intuitive-eating-expert-weighs-in/


Health at Every SizeⓇ. (n.d.). HAESⓇ Community. Retrieved from https://haescommunity.com/


Intuitive Eating. (n.d.). 10 principles of intuitive eating. Retrieved from https://www.intuitiveeating.org/10-principles-of-intuitive-eating/


Khasteganan, N., Lycett, D., Furze, G., & Turner, A. P. (2019). Health, not weight loss, focused programmes versus conventional weight loss programmes for cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic reviews, 8(1), 200. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1083-8


National Eating Disorders Association. (2018). What does intuitive eating mean? Retrieved from https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/blog/what-does-intuitive-eating-mean


Sorensen, M. D., Arlinghaus, K. R., Ledoux, T. A., & Johnston, C. A. (2019). Integrating Mindfulness Into Eating Behaviors. American journal of lifestyle medicine, 13(6), 537–539. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827619867626


Today’s Dietitian. (2020, April). Intuitive Eating: Four Intuitive Eating Myths. Retrieved from https://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/0420p12.shtml


Van Dyke, N., & Drinkwater, E. (2014). Review Article Relationships between intuitive eating and health indicators: Literature review. Public Health Nutrition, 17(8), 1757-1766. doi:10.1017/S1368980013002139








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